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The index of human development is slowly rising

The index of human development is slowly rising

Romania ranks 64th in the average category, in the ranking based on the human development index, which combines a series of criteria including per capita income, life expectancy and education standards.

Romania ranks 64th in the average category, in the ranking based on the human development index, which combines a series of criteria including per capita income, life expectancy and education standards.
The human development report, released by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), is based on statistical data from 177 countries.
The index calculated for Romania was 0.792 points, up from the level of 2000, 0.773 points.
Life expectancy at birth is 71.3 years, and gross domestic product per inhabitant (depending on purchasing power parity) is $ 7,277. The literacy rate was 97.3%, and the schooling rate reached 72%.


Bulgaria is ahead of Romania, ranking 55th, with a human development index level of 0.808.
Other countries in Europe that rank first in Romania are Slovenia -26, Czech Republic-31, Hungary - 35 and Poland - 36. Slovakia ranks 42nd, Croatia ranks 45th, Macedonia ranks 59th, and the Russian Federation ranks 62nd.
The first three positions in the ranking according to the human development index are occupied by Norway (0.963), Iceland (0.956) and Australia (0.955). The US and Japan rank 10th and 11th in the top ranks, and France, Italy and Germany rank 16th, 18th and 20th in this order.
The Human Development Index (IDU) was calculated as the average of the indices calculated on three basic segments of human development - life span, education and standard of living. The life expectancy is quantified by the life expectancy at birth, and the level of education is measured by the literacy rate (with a weight of two thirds) and the education rate (one third).
The gross domestic product per inhabitant is used to measure the standard of living in each country. The index on each of the three domains is expressed as a value between 0 and 1, and is calculated by relating the difference between the present value and the minimum value to the difference between the maximum value and the minimum value.
For life expectancy at birth the maximum value is 85 years and the minimum 25 years. The adult literacy rate and the schooling rate have a maximum level of 100% and a minimum of 0%. In the case of the gross domestic product per inhabitant, the maximum value is 40,000 dollars and the minimum one is 100 dollars.
The UNDP report emphasizes that a high level of income per capita does not necessarily translate into a high quality of life for the entire population.