Children learn through the eyes. A healthy view is essential both for writing, reading, looking at the board or computer, as well as on the playground. It helps children clearly and clearly distinguish objects near or far and to differentiate between similar letters, such as "b" and "d".
At the same time, healthy vision allows children to remember details about what they have read, so that they can imagine the whole story in their own mind. What do we do when our little ones start to realize that they have vision problems?
The symptoms of an ophthalmological problem are not always obvious. Observe your child carefully to see if he or she has any of the following symptoms:
- He rubs his eyes a lot;
- Eyes or blink many times;
- He has headaches due to poor eyesight;
- Tilt the head to one side;
- He covers his eye so he can see better;
- Keep the book very close to the face;
- He has trouble remembering what he read;
- Provides a short-term attention.
Problems you can detect
The way your child's eyes look can signal that something is wrong. Here are some changes that should raise an alarm:
- The eyes are bulging;
- The bumps appear molesite;
- The child has redness in the eyes;
- His eyes flee;
- The center of the eye is gray or cloudy;
- Has abnormal secretions of the eyes;
- The child moves his eyes quickly (up and down or from side to side);
- Tears his eyes frequently;
- One of the pupils appears white in the photo taken with a flash camera;
- The child complains that he misses his eyes or feels a itchy sensation.
Early detection is the key
The most common eye problems in children are blurred vision (refractive errors), strabismus (strabismus) and lazy eyes (amblyopia). A regular eye exam will detect these conditions in a timely manner, before the child realizes that something is wrong with his eyes.
If the eye condition remains untreated, the child's brain will be overloaded. This can lead to problems in the future, which may be more difficult to treat.
When should you take your child to an ophthalmologist?
Any child who has reached the age of 3 years must undergo a complete ophthalmological examination, once a year or at most every two years. In some schools, children are screened for vision, which may indicate whether students have an eye problem.
According to statistics, only 40% of ophthalmological conditions are detected after a screening. But it does not establish the diagnosis. Even newborns should be evaluated periodically from an ophthalmological point of view.
Once the child is three years old, it can be subjected to high accuracy tests. When you take him to the ophthalmologist for the first time, take with him his favorite toy or keep it in his lap, to distract him from the medical equipment in the doctor's office.
How is the examination conducted?
A detailed eye examination can take up to 2 hours and involves many tests. The doctor will ask the child to look with a light or a toy, then cover the small patient with one eye, to see how the other eye moves and focuses the objects. He will measure the near and far sight with a special instrument and will ask the child to read the letters he can see clearly.
Preschoolers who do not know how to read yet will be asked to identify forms. Another test, used to efficiently detect color vision, involves finding numbers of colored dots. With the help of a multi-lens device called a foropter, your doctor will determine the power of the lens your child needs to see clearly. The child will have to look at a diagram through the foropter, while the doctor changes the lens of the device and asks if he sees clearly or blurred.
This procedure is called refraction testing. The doctor can also use a light tool called a retinoscope to learn more about how your little one's eyes focus on objects.
Eye problems, brought to light
Illumination of the eye with the ophthalmoscope, a flashlight-like instrument, gives the doctor the opportunity to see the depths of the eyeball. Older children may be given atropine drops to dilate the pupil 30 minutes before the test.
To prevent them from being overwhelmed, tell them that the drops could also cause blurred vision for a short period of time. Another illuminated instrument used by ophthalmologists is a biomicroscope or "slit lamp". This allows to obtain a 3-D image of the eye.
How to correct the child's vision
If the child does not see well, he will need glasses to correct vision. If he is very small, you can buy him a pair of elastic frames. Children who play a particular sport will need special glasses to protect their eyes in the event of an accident.
Choose frames from hard, non-breaking material, such as polycarbonate. Contact lenses are not indicated for children younger than 10 years, because they require careful maintenance. Neither surgery is recommended for growing children, except for those born with cataracts. If your toddler is wearing glasses, have him checked at least once a year.
In the case of lazy eye diagnosis, the doctor will prescribe eye patches or drops to blur the eyesight and cause the brain to work the lazy eye. Children with strabismus should do eye exercises and not just wear glasses. Correcting this defect by surgery can have aesthetic benefits, but it will not improve your eyesight.
First aid in case of eye injury
Any eye damage should be treated immediately. Do not allow the child to rub the wounded eye, as it can scratch the eyeball. If something has entered his eyes, lift his upper eyelid and ask him to blink several times. Tears will help remove the foreign body. Then wash your eye with clean water.
If the foreign object remains in your eyes, go to the nearest guard room. Emergency medical care is also required when the child's eye has come in contact with a chemical or is bleeding.
Tags Eye disorders children