Scarlet fever is a common infectious disease among young children and school-age children. It manifests itself both through a rash and a severe throat infection and is quite unpleasant for the child.
It is caused by infection with a group A bacterium of streptococci, called beta-hemolytic streptococcus. This bacterium causes toxin that gives rise to the eruption.
Children between the ages of 5 and 10 are the most likely to develop the condition. It occurs especially in autumn and winter and affects boys more than girls.
How is scarlet fever transmitted?
It is a contagious disease that is easily transmitted by air and not by direct contact with the skin bumps:
- during a conversation etc.
The most effective methods of preventing the disease are correct daily hygiene (especially frequent hand washing) and avoiding contact with patients.
What are the symptoms of scarlet fever in children?
After the bacteria enters the baby's body, it lasts about 3-5 days until the disease starts. This is the incubation period. Then scarlet fever starts suddenly with quite severe symptoms:
- sore throat;
- loaded tongue (with red edges);
- redness in the cheeks (but with a pale appearance of the rest of the face);
- inflamed lymph nodes (enlarged and red tonsils);
- apathetic state;
- loss of appetite;
- nausea or vomiting.
Then, the disease continues to manifest with rash:
- rough papules (small and red);
- they appear on the neck, sometimes on the trunk and limbs;
- at the level of the elbows and knees some thin purple red lines appear;
- when the eruption begins to disappear (about 7-14 days after onset), the specific peeling occurs.
How is it treated?
If it is not detected in time and treated on time, complications may occur:
- ear infections;
- toxic hepatitis;
- toxic meningitis;
- acute articular rheumatism;
- renal impairment.
If you suspect scarlet fever in your child, take it immediately to your doctor. It will harvest a culture from the throat to confirm the diagnosis.
Scarlatina is one of the conditions that requires mandatory hospitalization and quarantine, very rest and a strict diet during its manifestation.
Also read: Complete list of contagious diseases in young children
Far from common childhood diseases, scarlet fever is a condition that is treated with antibiotics because it is a bacterial infection. The treatment consists of the administration of antibiotics depending on the severity of the disease and other medical features of the child.
If the symptoms are severe and the baby cannot cope, the doctor will recommend other medicines to improve them:
- creams etc.
The child should be permanently hydrated, given food only with a soft consistency and stay in a room where the air is neither very dry nor very moist. For this purpose it uses a room humidifier.
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