Methods for the detection of infertility

Methods for the detection of infertility

Infertility is by far one of the most complex and mysterious problems faced by physicians specialized in human reproduction.

When a couple repeatedly tries to conceive a baby and fails, the first thought is that one or both of them may suffer from infertility. From that moment, real extensions begin through the doctors' offices to perform various methods of diagnosing infertility.

Blood tests (hormonal)

Usual blood tests can identify infertility problems based on ovulation hormone testing which includes:

  • follicle stimulating hormone

  • luteinized hormone

  • prolactin

Endometrial biopsy

This test is performed between days 7-12 after ovulation. This is an essential test that has the role of detecting endometrial problems (of the lining of the uterus) that could be in the way of fertility.

Ultrasound (ultrasound)

Ultrasonography uses sound waves to visualize reproductive organs, such as the uterus and ovaries. This can be done through the patient's abdomen or inside the vagina.

It helps to discover the anatomical disorders, but also the functioning of the organs involved in conception, as well as other fertility problems. The faster the fertility problems are detected, the greater the possibility of finding an effective treatment scheme.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

The MRI provides a clear picture of the reproductive tract. It has a high accuracy, being able to detect even the most sensitive or complicated ovarian or uterine disorders.


The semen analysis or the spermogram is the most important analysis for determining sterility in men. With its help are tested 3 essential properties of sperm for conception:

  • quality;

  • amount;

  • mobility.


Hysterosalpingography is a test that is performed to detect infertility problems in women. With her help, the ovary and the fallopian tubes are explored in detail in order to diagnose:

  • genital disorders;

  • anatomic disorders or congenital malformations of the uterus;

  • permeability of the fallopian tubes;

  • scarring of the peritoneal cavity etc.

Hysterosalpingography is also a method by which such disorders can be treated, having a dual role: diagnosis and treatment.


Laparoscopy is a method of exploitation of the female reproductive organs, through a device inserted through the woman's abdomen. It is a minimally invasive method. Her help is examining the tubes, ovaries and uterus. In addition, some conditions can be treated by the same method, and this analysis can be used both as a diagnostic and a treatment method.

Tags Infertility Couple fertility Hysterosalpingography Laparoscopy diagnostic method Spermogram Causes infertility