Vaginal secretions are natural physiological processes that occur in women. They are also called leucorrhea. However, we hear left and right that the changes made at their level represent an alarm signal and a possible symptom of a pathology. But normal secretions vary in texture, color and odor and throughout a menstrual cycle, without being a worrying sign. And then how do we differentiate between normal and abnormal vaginal secretions?
The role of normal vaginal secretions
The glands of the vagina and cervix produce small amounts of fluid. It flows daily from your vagina, attracting after it and old cells, with the role of cleaning it and keeping its Ph within normal limits.
Also, leucorrhea also plays a role in lubricating the vaginal area and preventing infections and germinal penetration into the vagina.
Also through certain properties of it you can identify
How do you recognize normal vaginal discharge?
Leucoreea under normal conditions has a clear or slightly milky consistency when dry on underwear. But this changes its appearance and consistency depending on the phases of the menstrual cycle or if there is an associated pathology.
• whitish - with a thick, compact consistency - common at the beginning and end of the cycle;
• Clear and elastic - represents the fertile mucus, which means that you are ovulating;
• Yellow or green - may indicate an infection, especially if it has a cheesy consistency and an unpleasant odor
• Slightly brownish - usually occurs before or after menstruation, ie during the period of cleaning the vagina may contain traces of blood;
• Vaginal discharge with blood or brown spots - may appear in the middle of the menstrual cycle, when you are ovulating sometimes it can be a sign of pregnancy.
Causes that can change vaginal discharge without causing medical problems are:
• menstrual cycle;
• certain medicines;
• sexual arousal;
• vaginal showers;
• intimate hygiene products, etc.
Abnormal vaginal secretions
Besides the fact that the change of color, smell or consistency can indicate at any time a pathological sign of vaginal discharge there are other signs that may indicate an infection or other condition:
• significant and constant increase in the amount of vaginal discharge;
• the presence of itching, local discomfort or irritation;
• vaginal itching in the urine;
• the presence of blood in the vaginal secretion (without being ovulated or pregnant);
• the green or yellow or gray color of the secretion and the unpleasant odor.
The most common causes of abnormal vaginal discharge appear
• bacterial vaginosis - the most common cause and occurs when bacteria naturally found in the vagina multiply);
• candidiasis - another common cause of abnormal vaginal secretions;
• trichomoniasis - an infection caused by a bacterium;
• chlamydia, gonorrhea, genital herpes and other sexually transmitted diseases;
• internal pads (kept too long) or foreign objects left in the vagina;
• intrauterine contraceptive devices;
• cervical polyps;
• cervical cancer;
• vaginal cancer;
• cervicitis (inflammation of the cervix) etc.
If you notice that your vaginal discharge has one of the above characteristics or if you notice unusual signs it is best to go to a gynecological consultation for further investigations.
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