In vitro fertilization is one of the most common assisted human reproduction techniques used to help infertile couples conceive a baby. This involves the union of an egg with a sperm in the laboratory and the implantation of the embryo formed in the mother's uterus. Like many other medical procedures, this is not without risks. Here are these!
What are the risks to the mother?
In vitro fertilization is done in several stages:
egg retrieval or extraction;
collecting and preparing sperm;
egg insemination and embryo cultivation;
transfer of embryos into the uterus.
Ovarian cysts are also another risk you face when you resort to in vitro fertilization. They are liquid formations that occur in the ovaries due to hormonal changes (following treatment and medication for ovarian stimulation) that occur during the fertilization process.
The risks that may occur depend very much on the phase you are in during the procedure.
Ovarian stimulation, necessary for the procedure, presents the risk of hyperstimulation, in which case the ovaries become swollen and painful. This medical condition is also called ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. His symptoms include:
loss of appetite;
severe abdominal cramps;
dark colored urine;
shortening episodes of breathing;
sudden increase in weight.
The extraction of eggs and the use of laparoscopy for this purpose are associated with the typical risks of anesthesia. They range from mild to moderate to severe as follows:
Damage to the intestine, bladder or blood vessels during the procedure.
What are the risks to the fetus?
There are risks or side effects that can occur in the baby, not just the mother. Specialists claim that girls conceived through IVF have a 2-fold higher risk of birth defects than babies born naturally. Defects are generally located in the heart, kidneys or brain.
There were also several abnormalities in the eyes of children born by this method, among which the most common are cataracts and glaucoma.
Women who call for IVF should know and expect a multiple pregnancy. IVF is considered to be at increased risk for twin pregnancies. And this can be considered a risk factor.
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