Sudden Infant Death Syndrome represents the unexplained death of a baby under the age of one year, who does not show signs of post-mortem and post-mortem disease. The exact causes and symptoms of dramatic occurrence are not known, but in most cases death occurs during sleep.
Although there are a whole host of theories trying to identify the reasons for Sudden Death Syndrome in children, the phenomenon is still waiting to be elucidated. Doctors recommend, as the main method of prevention, careful supervision of the sleeping position. Babies should lie on their backs, have free airway, not be suffocated with clothes or lingerie and should not be left in a crowded crib with toys and pillows.
The risks associated with Sudden Infant Death Syndrome target both prenatal and postnatal periods:
- very young mother (the incidence of cases decreases with increasing maternal age);
- lack of monitoring during pregnancy;
- alcohol and tobacco consumption during pregnancy;
- mold (causes lung bleeding);
- low birth weight or prematurity;
- exposure to cigarette smoke;
- too high or too low room temperature;
- crib made of toys, linens and pillows;
- boys are more prone to sudden death than girls;
- heart, metabolic disorders, bacterial infections, etc
In the first instance, it is essential for the baby to be able to breathe normally in the room: proper ventilation of the room, proper sleeping position and crib released by excess objects. The baby should be wrapped only from the chest down, so that he has the free handcuffs and can not suffocate in sleep with the crib.
Studies in the field have found that the rate of infants breastfed by the mother who ceases to be inexplicable is much lower than that of infants who do not receive breast milk.
The side cushions of the crib, with protective role, can obstruct the circulation of oxygen. It is also important to administer immunizing vaccines (they reduce the risk of sudden death by 50%).
Keeping the room temperature at a comfortable level (about 26 degrees Celsius) is important, as babies can fall into a very deep sleep if they sleep in an overheated environment.
Children younger than one year of age should be especially protected from toxic cigarette smoke. The use of a pacifier has been shown to be useful in reducing the risk of unexpected death.