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Dental caries in the child. Learn how to prevent them!

Dental caries in the child. Learn how to prevent them!

Food, environmental factors and incorrect hygiene are the main causes that cause tooth decay in children. In Romania, four out of ten children up to the age of 13 have permanent tooth decay and 75% of those between the ages of 5 and 13 have temporary tooth decay, data from the most recent study show. Proper hygiene of the teeth of children from the first months of life can reduce the risk of dental caries, but also of many diseases caused by them.

What are dental caries?

Dental caries is one of the most common diseases that cause both adults and children to consult a dentist. This is manifested by the demineralization of the hard tissue of the tooth, the process reaching the depth of the tooth. Cavities are caused by acids produced by bacteria that populate the dental plaque. The dental plaque is a thin layer consisting of the residues of the foods we consume, especially sugars, dead epithelial cells and bacteria. It has a soft, sticky consistency and adheres to the surface of the tooth.

Baby teeth, more prone to cavities

Caries can affect the teeth of children from the moment they appear, being more aggressive than the caries of adults. Milk teeth are more sensitive and less resistant due to the much thinner enamel layer. The most prone to decay are babies fed with baby formula, sweetened milk, juices and teas, especially before sleep and at night, when the teeth are no longer brushed. The baby sleeps, and the contents of the bottle, rich in substances that contain sugar, remains in the mouth, creating an environment conducive to the development of microorganisms. To this is added the reduction of salivary secretion during sleep. Thus, the high level of acid slowly dissolves the minerals in the teeth, producing baby caries.

According to data from the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, bottle sores are a chronic condition that occurs 5 times higher than asthma, 4 times higher than childhood obesity and is 20 times more common than diabetes in children.

White spot on the tooth, the first sign of decay

Although many parents are alert when they notice brown spots on the baby's teeth, it may be late enough to stop the evolution of the decay. The appearance of a white chalky spot on the baby's teeth, especially near the gum, is the first sign that should put you on guard. This stain indicates the demineralization of tooth enamel and the appearance of an injury. If the lesion continues to demineralize and changes its color to brown, the lesion turns into a small cavity. If you ask the dentist when you notice the white spot, the process can be stopped and prevent the appearance of a cavity.

As the injury progresses to the level of the dental nerve, the child begins to experience pain when exposed to cold or heat, or exacerbates it when consuming sweet or sour foods. The tooth decay caries have a much faster evolution, the baby feeling the pain much more intensely.

Untreated, caries can cause more health problems for children

Even if your child has only a few teeth, you must take good care of them through rigorous hygiene and periodic checks. However, if you suspect that your baby may have a tooth decay, you should not delay visiting the doctor. Untreated, a tooth decay can affect the baby's temporary teeth. Both tooth and temporary tooth decay can create some difficulties in developing the baby's speech, in nutrition, but also in other systemic issues. For example, an infection in the teeth can lead to certain cardiovascular problems or diabetes.

Hygiene can save children's teeth from cavities

Proper care of the baby's teeth can substantially reduce the risk of tooth decay. Thus, parents should explain to their children as early as possible how to take care of their teeth and make this process as interesting and attractive as possible. Thus, children will not perceive tooth brushing after every meal as an obligation. Neither should baby's teeth be ignored. The teeth of children beginning with 6 months should be cleaned before falling asleep, avoiding situations where they are given milk or juice in the bottle, before sleeping. Clean the teeth of little ones, you can use chewable toothpaste pills or other dedicated products.

For a normal development of the teeth, give the children a rich diet and avoid carbohydrates and sweets.

Toothpaste Tablets, against tooth decay

For children with healthy teeth, without tooth decay, Secom® recommends Toothpaste Tablets, natural fruit-chewable tablets. These contribute to the health of the oral cavity, reducing the number of pathogenic bacteria that make up the dental plaque. The formula contains substances that inhibit dental plaque and bacterial enzymes specific to the oral cavity. The tablets are effective in whitening the teeth, reducing inflammation and sensitivity of the gums, eliminating bad breath.

Each tablet contains ExoCyan®CRAN (patented extract of American blueberry fruit) with an anti-infective and anti-inflammatory role, but also calcium, a basic ingredient for the formation and maintenance of healthy teeth.

Toothpaste Tablets contains 60 tablets with a pleasant fruity taste that can be used to clean the teeth of children aged 3 to 12 years. The tablets chew gently until dissolved, then the teeth are brushed lightly, rinsing the mouth with water. In case the child cannot use the toothbrush, the tablets can be chewed easily, rinsing with water.

For proper dental hygiene, it is recommended to use a pill twice daily.

Toothpaste Tablets is a product recommended by the Romanian Society of Pediatrics. By choosing Secom® you are sure that you have opted for the best natural health solutions.